Troubleshooting/Debugging BSOD errors

What happens when you get a Blue Screen of Death (BSOD)?  I’m sure almost everyone just says something like “____ Microsoft!”  Unfortunately, most of the time, you would just be using Microsoft as a scape goat.  Why?  According to Microsoft and other gurus, about 70-80% of crashes are caused by 3rd party drivers.  Yep, all those great toys you have hooked up to your computer and the software that control them are most likely responsible.

I have probably just blown your mind or you are probably full of skeptism.  Hopefully these debugging techniques can make you a believer….

Step 1:  Disable auto-reboot on a crash

Step 2:  Create a memory dump versus a Mini crash dump..  This will allow you to get more information from the dumps.

Step3:  Install Windows Debugger tools

Step4:  Set environment variable to automatically download symbols from the Microsoft symbol servers (WinDBG->Source Symbol Path->”srv*C:symbols*”)

Step5: Open the crash dump file located in C:Windows or C:Windowsminidump

Step6: Run “analyze -v” to get list of drivers in the stack text.  If the driver points to one of the Windows core system files (ntoskrnl.exe, win2k32.sys, etc), then you probably have to dig a little deeper.

Step7: Additional helpful debug commands to run to find the culprit

kv – Looks at stack of current thread.  This is used for misdiagnosed analysis.  Look for suspicious drivers

lm kv – Shows version information (dates, etc) of currently loaded drivers to find updates for.

!vm – Check pool usage (if close to maximum, then it’s a leaky driver)

!thread – looks at currently running threads

!process 0 0 – summary level display of processes during crash

!irp <irp from IRP List from !thread> – Associates drivers thread (it’s a hint to investigate)

!poolused (needs to enable on xp and earlier) – Use with Strings




Debugging mode (F8) – Use when no crash dump created…, needs to connect using usb (modify boot.ini) or serial from another system running windbg

Windbg – File->Kernel Debug

Debug -> Break to connect to crashed system

.dump (saves dump information)


Hung system troubleshooting (computer freeze)

– Use crash on control-scrl-scrl (registry setting)

– Check other processors on multiple processors

lm kv <driver name from stack>